December 2021 * No. 7


Dec 4, 2021 - Silverton Farmer’s Market

The Pudding River Watershed Council (PRWC) is giving away a variety of trees and shrubs at the Silverton Farmers Market, 229 Eureka Ave on December 4th - FOR FREE!

PWRC is a non-profit organization whose mission is to provide opportunities to restore, enhance, and protect the health of the environment for communities located within the watershed. The Council is seeking volunteers to help further their mission. Please contact cleanpuddingriver@gmail.

com if you’d like to volunteer! Donations are also welcome. To donate, visit their website: https://puddingriverwatershed. org/

Finding common ground in the Pudding River Watershed has been a challenge. There are opposing views on how to share the water within the watershed and how to best protect it. That is why PWRC chose to gift these trees/

shrubs as a part of their work. What they’ve discovered is that most of us agree that planting native shrubs and trees is a good thing and helps to build community.


• Eileen of North Portland grew the Port Orford cedars.

• The remaining trees and shrubs were grown at a correctional facility nursery and tended by incarcerated young men through a collaboration between the Tillamook Estuaries Partnership and Northwest Oregon Restoration Partnership.

List of Plants Available From Pudding River Watershed Council

# of plants Name / Description

1 Frangula purshiana - Cascara buckthorn

Grows as a tall shrub to small tree, 15-30’. Gray bark; oval, large ribbed leaves that are dark green when they emerge, turning yellow to Orange-red in fall; small, greenish-yellow flowers followed by purplish-black fruit much loved by birds. Culture: Takes sun or shade, preferring a mix of both. Prefers moist to wet, well-draining soil; but is also tolerant of summer-dry conditions.

1 Populus balsamifera - Black cottonwood

This large deciduous broadleaved tree is common throughout the Columbia River watershed. It thrives along streams from Alaska to California, and reaches heights of 100-200 ft., with a diameter up to 6 ft. Its leaves are deep green on top, silver on the bottom, 3 to 7" long, 3 to 4" wide, tapering to a sharp tip. Fragrant buds in spring are followed by male and female flowers, April to June (on separate trees) and lots of cottony seeds. Male flowers are arranged in catkins up to 1" long, female flowers in catkins 3 to 8". Sun, regular water.

1 Rubes spectabilis - Salmonberry

A deciduous, thicket-forming shrub (3-10 ft.) with sparsely thorned woody stems and pinnately compound leaves. Its magenta flowers appear before the foliage in early spring and provide one of the first nectar sources for hummingbirds. Flowers are followed by edible salmon to reddish-purple fruit in late June. These are eaten by finches, wrens, bushtits, thrushes, robins, and towhees. Salmonberry provides good erosion control and can be aggressive. Plant it near streambanks, at the edges of marshes or lakes, in ravines, where it will receive part sun and moderate-regular water

1 Symphoricarpos albus - Common Snowberry

A finely branched, deciduous shrub (to 6 ft.), common in westside woods from Alaska to California. Snowberry has small,white to pink bell-shaped flowers (May to August) and showy white berries. The berries persist well into winter and provide food for birds. Part sun (sun), low-regular water, well-drained soil.

2 Abies grandis - Grand fir

Evergreen conifer (125-250 ft.) with shiny, green needles (lower surface has white bloom) in 2 flattened rows (two- ranked) and upright, cylindrical cones (3-4"). Fast growth rate when young. Lovely fragrance. Grand fir is commonly found below 1500 feet. Sun/part sun/shade tolerant, moderate-regular water, well-drained soil.

2 Oemelaris cerasiformis - Indian plum

Deciduous, understory shrub (15-20 ft.) with light-green foliage and clusters of white flowers in early spring. The first shrub to bloom heralds the coming of spring! Male & female flowers dwell on separate plants (dioecious), so both are necessary to produce fruit on the female. Birds love the fruit. Part shade, regular water (can tolerate drier sites), well-drained soil.

5 Acer circinatum - Vine maple

Our lovely small maple, found everywhere in the Pacific Northwest, from woods to residential gardens. A deciduous, broadleaved tree or shrub (generally under 20 ft. but with potential height of 40 ft.) with opposite, lobed (5-9) leaves. Flowers put on a lovely show, clustered in the leaf axils before leafing out, with purple sepals and short white petals with eight stamens, March to June. These are followed by widely spaced "wings", red to orange in color, carrying the seed. Vine Maple grows straight and tree-like in open situations, multi-trunked and curvaceous in the shade, with elegant form. It often forms thickets in the lower slopes of hemlock and cedar forests, as drooping branches root and grow. Normally an understory tree in our woods, it will grow in full sun but requires a moist root-run. Stunning fall color! Vine maple provides cover and food (seeds) for birds, including grosbeaks, woodpeckers, nuthatches, and finches. Good nectar source for bees. Part sun/shade, regular water.

6 Acer macrophyllum - Big-leaf maple

Our grand native maple reaches heights of 75-100 feet, with a spread of up to 50 feet. It is a beautiful deciduous broadleaved tree for large gardens and parks. Leaves are large (6-12"), with 3-5 lobes. Fall color is yellow; large, pendant, creamy yellow flower clusters emerge in mid-spring before the leaves. Bigleaf maple seeds prolifically; seedlings sprout in many of our gardens, and as a result many Oregonians consider the tree common and invasive, though it is truly a majestic tree of great beauty and usefulness for wildlife. Bigleaf maple seed feeds songbirds; trees provide cover, nesting and perching sites; nectar is used by honeybees. Sun/part sun, regular water, well-drained soil.

6 Spiraea douglasii - Rose spirea

Suckering, deciduous shrub (6-12 ft.). In summer, western spirea has showy plumes of pink flowers. Sun, regular water, boggy soil ok.

7 Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas fir

A fast-growing conifer (100-250 ft) with a dense crown and soft, spirally arranged needles. The cones are very distinctive; they are 3-4" long and have bracts that resemble pitchforks or rat tails sticking out from beneath the scales. We have an abundance of Douglas-fir in the Willamette Valley; it is also plentiful eastward from the Cascade crest to the Rocky Mountains, where it coexists with all the other major coniferous species. Douglas Fir may be grown as a specimen tree or as a screen in rows or drifts. It is a beautiful ornamental for large gardens, and a small woodlot in larger suburban gardens will provide wildlife habitat and privacy. It is an important source of cover for birds; cavity-nesters use older trees. Seeds are eaten by squirrels and birds, including siskins and crossbills. The trunk and branches provide a rich source of insects for chickadees, nuthatches, and woodpeckers. The pine white butterfly uses the tree's foliage for its larvae. as do many moths. Sun/part sun (when young), low water.

9 Thuja plicata - Western-red cedar

Evergreen tree (150-200 ft.) with flattened sprays of scale-like foliage (look for white butterflies on the underside of the foliage). Fragrant. Open cones resemble tiny rose buds. Part sun, moderate-regular water.

10 Tsuga heterophylla - Western hemlock

Western hemlock is an evergreen coniferous species of tree that grows to mature heights of 190 to 240 feet

50 Chamacyparis lawsoniana - Port Orford cedar

Conifer (but not a true cedar), evergreen tree, 40-60 ft (12-18 m) tall, (180 ft in wild), narrow, pyramidal, buttressed trunk. Short ascending branches, drooping at the tips. Hardy to zone 5 - grows on many geologic and soil types

64 Pinus monticola - Western white pine

Evergreen conifer (120-180 ft) with 5 needles per fascicle. Its cones (5-12") resemble bananas. Its initial fast growth rate slows as western white pine reaches maturity. Sun, moderate-regular water, well-drained soil.

Volunteer Corner

Many thanks to our November Recycling Volunteers.

Set-up & Take-down crew: Ron Garst and Jim Bob Esch

Table Hosts: GwenEllyn Anderson and Teresa Foster

Styrofoam Driver: Kevin McCarty, with a flat-bed trailer that hauled two loads at once

Interested in hosting or driving in the future? Write to and address the email to Kelley Morehouse.

Winter volunteer hours are 10 am -1 pm on first Saturday of the month at the Farmer’s Market. Be sure to dress warmly.

Mulching Leaves

The annual ritual of raking, blowing, piling, and possibly bagging, costs each homeowner – or their landscaper – hours of time each fall. It also robs the yards of one of nature’s greatest resources: rich, natural compost. The practice of leaf blowing causes serious diesel and particulate matter pollution, especially with the 2-stroke backpack leaf blowers so commonly used in suburban backyards. There are alternatives and they’ll save you time AND money!

A more sustainable way of managing leaves on lawns involves mulching or mulch-mowing. Mulching helps to limit the negative impacts associated with leaf blowers. Mulching is easy to learn and easy to do whether you are a homeowner or a professional. Visit our website for additional information on leaf mulching.

Curious how to be more sustainable

over the Holidays?

Marion County has a wealth of resources available on their website: aspx

. . . plus a special Holidays Booklet with tips on how to reduce waste and stress!

Check with Silverton Public Works for specific city holiday recycling guidelines

Connecting Farmers with Land holders

When Roger and Megan Benedict retired to a former sheep ranch in Silverton nine years ago, their son, a chef, had big plans for their retirement. He had decided to open a farm-to-table restaurant in Portland and needed their help. He needed vegetables - lots of vegetables - and he hoped they could be grown on his parents’ new farm. Knowing they did not have the energy or the skills needed to turn out a consistent supply of high quality produce, the Benedicts turned to Oregon Farm Link to find farmers who were up to the task.

Oregon Farm Link is an online platform where young farmers and land holders can connect. Land seekers and land holders create user profiles which are posted on the Farm Link website after being approved by Friends of Family Farmers, the non-profit small farm advocacy group that created the program. Once registered, land seekers and land holders can browse all listings and contact each other.

Within weeks of creating their land holder profile, the Benedicts found an impressive land seeker profile posted by Jay and Jordan Uth, California farmers who wanted to

re-locate to the Pacific Northwest to establish a new small farm business. Finding that their goals for the stewardship of the land were closely aligned, the two couples successfully negotiated a lease for a portion of the farm property. The Uths had found a suitable site for their farm business and the Benedicts had found a way to put their land to productive use. (Visit: And of course, a healthy percentage of the vegetables and flowers grown by the Uths are delivered each week to the Portland restaurant owned by the Benedicts’ son.

More information on this unique land matching program can be found at: